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Senior Web Engineer. Open web / music. Remote DJ. Tall Dutch guy. #3million

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Hassle-free Python project setup

Today I managed to break pipenv again to a point where I cannot install any project requirements. Let's document the process to prevent this happening again in the future.

Python3.7 and pip are already installed on OpenSUSE Tumbleweed. If you're not so lucky, read the page on https://docs.python-guide.org/starting/install3/linux/ but stop at the bottom of the page, as I find the installation method used for pipenv there too brittle.

Instead we're going to install pipx which is best described as a per-command environment for python executables. This is great for packages like pipenv which can then run without conflicts. pipx also keeps the packages updated.

python3 -m pip install --user pipx
python3 -m pipx ensurepath

We can then use pipx to install pipenv:

pipx install pipenv

I prefer to keep the virtual environment within the project folder, by adding the following line to .bashrc or .zshrc:

export PIPENV_VENV_IN_PROJECT=1

With pipenv in place we can create a per-project virtual environment and activate it:

cd ~/dev/myproject
pipenv shell

We can install our packages into the environment now:

pipenv install pylint --dev
pipenv install black --dev --pre

The missing step in a lot of guides, is that you later might want to call your script from outwith your virtual environment, without explicitly activating it as you would do when working on the project itself. You can do that thusly:

$(pipenv --venv)/bin/python myscript.py

 

PHPStorm font rendering on OpenSUSE

On Ubuntu LTS the font rendering on 2019.1 looked great by default, but on Tumbleweed I needed to tweak the settings a little to get the editor to look good. There is conflicting information out there for out of date versions of OpenSUSE and PHPStorm and it took a bit of research to figure out what works for me.

Under Help | Edit Custom VM Options... I added the following lines:

-Dswing.aatext=true
-Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=on

I also set antialiasing (within the main PHPStorm Settings | Appearance menu) to greyscale.

Finally, I added the Dreamweaver CC colour scheme to the editor by saving the xml file in ~/.PhpStorm2019.1/config/colors/.

Restart the application and select the color scheme from File | Settings | Editor | Color Scheme

Sources: sheelahb.com

 

 

 

Fixing Virtualbox host network adapter cannot be created error

If when trying to start a vm, for example using vagrant, you get the error message that the host network adapter cannot be created (the error is cryptic but will contain hostonly, create, vboxmanage -- unfortunately I forgot to screenshot it), make sure to first start the virtualbox GUI application. It does some extra checks, and sometimes highlights the permission problem:

In my case (OpenSuse 15.1 Leap), my user was not added to the vboxusers group. Via Yast > Users and Security .... and editing my user account it was a simple checkbox away. Remember to relog.

 

Stop OpenPGP passphrase prompting on login

As a security conscious person I setup my OpenPGP keys with a passphrase, however on OpenSUSE Leap 15 this causes a login prompt to appear that delays the network connection from initiating. The same issue also blocks software updates and means a browser restart due to DNS cache stopping connections to websites. This is fairly annoying.

It turns out that this can be fixed by sharing the network connection via Connections > open the connection > General Configuration > All users may connect to this network. This causes NetworkManager to cache the required  authorization tokens (this is my understanding).

Note that other software such as Kontact might set a daemon to startup by default, causing the same prompt. This can be unticked in its settings.

If everything else fails, then you could remove the passphrase for the PGP key but this is not recommended as this means someone can take on your identity should your key be exposed for any reason.

 

Install Python 3.7.1 on OpenSUSE Tumbleweed

After another hour of resolving issues with pyenv and a personal project that requires Python 3.7 I thought it best to note the steps I used to install Python 3.7.1 on OpenSUSE Tumbleweed:

# Install requirements for compiling Python
sudo zypper in zlib-devel bzip2 libbz2-devel libffi-devel libopenssl-devel readline-devel sqlite3 sqlite3-devel xz xz-devel 

# Compile Python
cd ~/Downloads
wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.7.1/Python-3.7.1.tar.xz
tar xf Python-3.7.1.tar.xz
cd Python-3.7.1
./configure
make

# AltInstall ensures 3.7.1 is installed alongside your system python
sudo make altinstall

# Fix dynamic library loading
sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib64/python3.7/lib-dynload /usr/local/lib/python3.7/lib-dynload

I've updated the Common build problems · pyenv/pyenv Wiki page to reflect the updated required packages. Thanks to Andrew Cooke for the dynamic library fix

 

For some reason OpenSUSE gave me a 25GB root logical volume, and left the other 150GB disk space unallocated. Partition Manager was happy to resize the volume while I was working on it. Thank you LVM.

 

Howto install Cryptomator for OpenSuse

Linux is so userfriendly, so the rpm that can be downloaded is missing dependencies. However, I'm quickly becoming a fan of zypper and OpenSUSE's dependency handling, and comes to the rescue:

sudo zypper in cryptomator.rpm

Even though cryptomator made a mistake in signing part of the application, it can still be installed by pressing ignore. Are you sure you want to do that? It seems a bit crap for such an essential utility.

 

Installing Dropbox on OpenSUSE Tumbleweed

Both the official RPM and the discover package failed for me due to missing dependencies, without specifying what those are. However the following worked:

sudo zypper install dropbox-cli
dropbox start -i
dropbox autostart

 

opensuse progress: very nice guided partition setup, but was a bit taken aback about the text based WiFi setup prior to installation. Teaches me for trying the minimal install.